Covid 19 & Pregnancy: Dos & Don’ts

September 21, 2021

Pregnancy is a period of happiness, anticipation, and excitement. But preparing for a baby during this pandemic can be scary and nerve-wracking. Although pregnancy itself alters the body’s immune system and response to viral infections, no studies prove that pregnant ladies are more likely to contract the infection than the general population, which is a relief! Like any other disease, early detection of COVID-19 can help a lot in fighting the virus. Besides that, you can keep yourself safe from the virus if you follow a few dos and don’ts! So, here is a guide to a worry-free and safe pregnancy during this risky time!

 

As mentioned, based on the limited research, pregnant women are not more prone to the virus. But if infected, they are at a higher risk of developing severe infections caused by COVID-19 compared with non-pregnant women of the same age. The situation can worsen if they are in the last trimester of pregnancy as women are more immune to infections during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy compared to the third.

 

Most pregnant women exhibit no symptoms post contracting COVID-19. Some women might have a mild fever, running nose, cold, and cough. The warning symptoms that a pregnant woman must be aware of are shortness of breath, swelling legs, high temperature, etc. You can distinguish the swelling caused by COVID-19 from the regular pregnancy swelling by pain. If the swelling causes pain, you should immediately consult a doctor. 

 

The safety measures to be followed by a pregnant woman are the same as what the general population follows. 

 

  • Maintain social distancing
  • Wash your hands often
  • Wear a mask when you are in a group
  • Avoid social and public gatherings
  • Limit your exposure to crowded areas 
  • Make sure you go to a hospital with scheduled appointments

 

If you develop a cough, fever, cold, cough, etc. or if you are asymptomatic but have been exposed to the virus, home self-isolation and the above-mentioned safety measures are recommended. However, watch for the warning signs and seek medical help if you notice severe symptoms like high temperature, shortness of breath, etc. 

 

Pregnant women with pre-existing comorbidities like diabetes, hypertension, etc. are at a slightly higher risk of contracting COVID-19 compared to normal pregnant women. However, there are no proven records to show chances of miscarriage or birth normalities for women who contract COVID-19 during their pregnancies. For the same reason, there are no special precautions to be taken for the baby other than the common ones that your gynaecologist recommends. 

 

Vertical Transmission, Vaccination & Breastfeeding

 

The rate of vertical transmission chances, i.e., the child getting COVID-19 from the mother is very low. A COVID-19 patient who is asymptomatic can breastfeed their babies and is highly recommended to do so. However, it is important to wash your hands, wear a mask, and be extremely alert, especially when you sneeze or touch the baby during breastfeeding.  

 

As per current research and recommendation, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers can take the vaccination. Post-vaccination, you may experience mild fever, body pain, fatigue, nausea, etc. which is normal. However, if you experience swelling with pain, blurry vision, or severe nausea, it is vital to consult a medical expert immediately. 

 

Rise In Mental Health Issues

 

Depression is common among COVID-19 patients and the case is no different or worse with pregnant women. Isolating themselves and staying away from friends and family make things arduous too. Depression among pregnant women is common and serious. It is advised to stay connected with family and friends through phone calls and do the things that will make you happy while being safe. 

 

Pregnancy restricts the intervention of medications. Therefore, it is important to take precautionary measures and stay away from all possibilities that can expose you to the virus. However, if by any chance you contract COVID-19 during your pregnancy, don’t panic. We, at Specialist Hospital, provide all necessary care required for the mother and the child. We offer advanced technologies with superlative care for high-risk pregnancies with timely checkups that will benefit both the child and the mother. 

 

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