Dialysis: Who Needs Dialysis and Things to Keep in Mind
November 5, 2020
Just like the other organs in the human body, Kidneys also have a few tasks to carry out. These bean-shaped organs placed on either side of the spine filter out blood from the body. They remove wastes, control the fluids in the body and keep the right levels of electrolytes. The waste is then sent to the bladder to be eliminated when you urinate. When your Kidneys stop performing these functions is when you need Dialysis treatment. Everything you need to keep in mind about Dialysis is mentioned below. To understand the treatment completely, Keep reading.
What is Dialysis?
Dialysis is a treatment that performs the functions of healthy kidneys. When your kidneys stop functioning, Dialysis is required in order to take care of your body’s needs and avoid any long-term ailments.
What Does Dialysis Do?
Dialysis keeps your body in balance by performing most of the kidney functions.
Keeps the fluid and electrolytes in balance.
Removes extra water, waste and other impurities from building up in the body.
Keeps safe levels of some chemicals such as potassium, sodium and bicarbonate in your body.
Controls the blood pressure.
Types of Dialysis
There are two types of Dialysis:
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
Hemodialysis: This is the most common type of dialysis performed. In this procedure, an artificial kidney is used to remove waste, water and other impurities from the blood. The doctor needs to make an entrance into the blood vessels through which the blood can flow into the artificial kidney. Minor surgery is done on your arm or leg. There are three types of entrance points:
Arteriovenous Fistula: This is the most preferred option. In this procedure, an artery and vein are joint.
AV Graft: A looped tube is used to join an artery and a vein, in case your blood vessels are not adequate for a Fistula.
Vascular Access Catheter: A narrow tube is inserted into a vein in your neck. This access can be temporary or long-term treatment.
Hemodialysis usually lasts three to four hours and is performed thrice per week. This procedure can also be completed in a shorter period depending on body size, the amount of waste in your body and your health.
Peritoneal Dialysis: In this type of dialysis, access is made by inserting a plastic tube known as a catheter into your abdomen. Your abdominal area is filled with dialysate with the help of the Catheter. The dialysate draws the waste out of the abdomen and is drained. This procedure takes a few hours and is required to be repeated six times a week. There are different types of Peritoneal Dialysis, however, Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Cycling Peritoneal Dialysis and Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis are the main types.
Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Also known as Hemofiltration, Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy is used for those with acute kidney failure. In this type of dialysis, the blood is passed through a tube, then a filter is used to remove waste and excess water from the body. A fluid replacement is returned into the body along with the blood. This procedure is performed every 12 to 24 hours a day in the Intensive Care Unit.
Preparation for Dialysis
Before you head for your first dialysis, it is important to check with your doctor for any specific instructions. There are chances you might have to fast before the treatment. Before the first time you visit the doctor for dialysis, you will have to go under a quick operation. The doctor will implant a tube or device to gain access to your bloodstream. This operation will not take much time and you can return home the same day.
Specialist Hospital is the only healthcare provider in East Bangalore that caters to all sections of the healthcare system. The centre has the biggest dialysis with 40 beds and equipped with the ultra-modern dialysis machines that are supported by a dedicated RO water treatment plant. When you choose Specialist Hospital, you place yourself or your loved ones in the hands of well trained and experienced dialysis technicians. The dialysis unit is functional 24/7. If you or anyone you know needs dialysis, walk-in to Specialist Hospital immediately! Our centre follows global standards and precautions to prevent all forms of infections. Think dialysis, think Specialist!